Liberia is experiencing a high prevalence rate of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) amongst its male population, a new report reveals.According to the new 2013 Liberia Demographic and Health Survey (LDHS), that is the a result of a “man going out with men”, or high increase in homosexual (gay) activities in the country.The LDHS report said HIV prevalence amongst men has increased from 1.2 in 2007 to 1.7 in 2013; a staggering five-digit difference in just six years. This is the result of homosexual activities increasing at an alarming rate, especially among men, the report said.The survey was conducted by the Liberia Institute for Statistics and Geo-Information Services (LISGIS) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare and the National AIDS Control Program (NACP).At the National AIDS Commission of Liberia (NACL) Board of Directors’ Meeting held at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, LISGIS Project Director Girmue Gbawoquiya said HIV victims are predominantly located in urban areas.The NACL board meeting was chaired by President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, who is the head of the Board of Directors. Other board members include Health and Social Welfare Minister, Dr. Walter T. Gwenigale, who is the Co-chair of the Board.Mr. Gbawoquiya also said that other segments of the general population also experiencing high HIV prevalence rate include female commercial sex workers, injected drugs users, uniform service personnel, miners, transport workers and mobile traders.The LDHS shows that Greater Monrovia and other urban cities, where most homosexual activities are concentrated, have the highest prevalence burden of 3.2 percent and 2.6 percent respectively as compared to rural Liberia with a lesser prevalence of 0.8 percent.The survey also named Montserrado, Margibi and Grand Bassa, as the hardest hit counties with a total prevalence rate of 2.7 percent.By comparison, Mr. Gbawoquiya said, there is only a slight increase on the overall population for the past six years from 1.5 percent to 1.9 in regards to the low level generalized HIV epidemic prevalence rate.Although the prevalence of HIV/AIDS still higher among women as reported in the 2007 LDHS survey, it is amongst the men that there has is a significant surge in recent years, the latest report says.“Studies on key and most at risk populations conducted in 2013 show high HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men, female commercial sex workers, injected drugs users, uniform service personnel, miners, transport workers and mobile traders.”The HIV prevalence rate in Liberia according to the LDHS statistic of 2007 is 1.5 percent. Women were the highest infected with a prevalence rate of 1.8 percent while the rate among men is 1.2 percent.“The national prevalence rate has increased to 1.9 percent newest LDHS (2013) report shows a steady increase in the prevalence rate. Though more women still fall victims to this deadly virus with a prevalence rate of 2.0, but there is a high increment in incidences of men from 1.2 in 2007 to 1.7 in 2013 a staggering five digit difference in just seven years.”The LIGIS Project Director also indicated that sexual transmission and mother to child transmission still remains the main routes of transmission. He noted that co-infection with tuberculosis is a major complication as some 22 percent of TB patients also have HIV infection.“The TB and HIV programs have on-going collaborative efforts to address the co-infections through the provision of HIV testing and treatment services.”HIV prevalence distribution by regions shows that the South Central region, which includes Montserrado, Margibi and Grand Bassa Counties, bears the highest burden of 2.7 percent. This is followed by the South Eastern B region, including River Cess, Sinoe and Grand Kru Counties with 1.8 percent.The South Eastern A region, including Grand Gedeh, River Gee, Maryland Counties, has a prevalence rate of 1.3 percent. And Both North Western region, Bomi, Cape Mount and Gbarpolu; and North Central, Bong, Nimba and Lofa counties, regions shows low prevalence of 0.9 and 0.7 percents respectively.Meanwhile, Mr. D. Maxwell Kemayah, who is one of the board members, said that the issue of homosexuality must be tackled strongly by the country’s leadership in order to put a stop to this rapid spread of the virus.Mr. Kemayah, who is the president of the Liberia Business Association (LIBA), added: “There needs to be a harsh decision taken in order to deter people from the act.”He said if Liberians are to preserve their African heritage, this kind of act should be discouraged completely.The Minister of Health and Social Welfare, Dr. Walter Gwenigale, for his part said that Liberians should not pretend that the act of homosexuality is not going on in the country. “Men are going out with men in this country; so let us not pretend that these things are not happening. This is Liberia.”Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
ST. PETERSBURG, Fla. — Khris Davis leads the majors in home runs, but he isn’t just your average masher who pads the stats with long bombs when the game is out of hand. When he hits them, they usually mean something of significance.The A’s (90-58) were stymied by Rays pitchers for five innings and failed to record a hit past the fourth, but one swing of the bat from Davis caused an eruption in the visiting dugout as they took the lead during Friday’s 2-1 victory over the Rays in ten innings to …
SAN FRANCISCO — The Atlanta Braves are expected to be one of the teams that pursues former Giants ace Madison Bumgarner in free agency this offseason.On Thursday, the Braves announced they signed another high-profile left-hander who was a big part of the 2019 Giants’ pitching staff.Atlanta agreed to terms with former Giants closer Will Smith on a three-year deal worth $39 million that includes a club option of $13 million for the 2023 season. The deal was completed minutes before MLB’s …
Not long ago, evolutionary biologists were predicting the demise of manhood (see 11/01/2001, 03/31/2004). The idea was that the Y chromosome, with no redundant copy (unlike the female’s two X chromosomes, and all others) appeared to be shriveling up and mutating itself out of existence. Now that the chimpanzee genome has been published (see 09/01/2005 story), one of the many surprises that has come to light is that the human Y chromosome appears to have kept its store of genetic information better than the chimp’s. Coupled with the discovery that the male chromosome protects itself with palindromes 06/18/2003), men seem to have a bright future ahead. That the Y chromosome of humans, having emerged later than that of apes, should be in better condition than that of chimpanzees seems an evolutionary conundrum.Sources: MSNBC News, EurekAlert, Howard Hughes Medical Institute.Another evolutionary speculation has been shot down. Keep up the good work.(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
1. Rammensee, Slotta, Scheibel and Bausch, “Assembly mechanism of recombinant spider silk proteins,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, published online on April 29, 2008, 10.1073/pnas.0709246105.In the alligator story, National Geographic noted that alligators have “innate” immune systems while humans have “adaptive” immune systems. “Although innate immunity is often considered primitive, there is nothing primitive about its effectiveness, [Adam] Britton [biologist, northern Australia] said.” Britton called the antimicrobial peptides in alligator serum “extremely effective agents” against bacteria. Remember that the first extremely effective antibiotics were also found in a “primitive” organism – fungus. Design follows design, not chaos. Imitation is the highest form of flattery.(Visited 7 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Human engineers continue to look at plants and animals for inspiration. Biomimetics – the imitation of biology for design technology – shows no sign of running out of ideas.Sweet gas: A spoonful of sugar in the gas tank? Science Daily reported on progress in converting plant sugars into clean-burning hydrogen – using biological enzymes. This could give a new meaning to “power plant.”Moooove on: Speaking of enzymes, fuel technicians have isolated an enzyme in a cow’s stomach that shows promise for efficient conversion of plant sugars into ethanol. Science Daily’s gut reaction to this story was positive: “The fact that we can take a gene that makes an enzyme in the stomach of a cow and put it into a plant cell means that we can convert what was junk before into biofuel,” said one professor of crop and soil science.See ya sooner, alligator: Yuck: alligator blood. What good could come from that? Infection-fighting drugs, reported National Geographic News. Scientists are intrigued that alligators live with frequent bloody wounds in bacteria-laden muddy swamps but rarely get infected. Scientists at Louisiana University found that alligator serum fights more bacteria than human serum. If we can harness the alligator’s secrets, said one researcher, “we could be on the verge of a major advance in medical science.”Drag queen: The dragline silk of spiders continues to be a holy grail for materials scientists. A German physics team reported in PNAS some initial success in getting the proteins to assemble into fibers.1 To do it, they squeezed the proteins through tiny orifices similar to the spinnerets on a spider’s abdomen. The BBC News published a report about it. Spiderman, here we come.
15 May 2008Using his decades of expertise as a chemical engineer, Dr Hans Hahn runs a Soutpansberg-based eco-tourism lodge entirely on alternative, renewable and sustainable energy.Speaking to BuaNews at Tourism Indaba 2008, Hahn said the Moshavehla Lodge was detached entirely from Eskom’s power-grid and the entire farm was powered using a combination of solar power and thermal gasification, which involves extracting gas by burning wood and recycling waste to power generators.“I recently established a factory which manufactures solar panels which combined with a wood burning boiler to heat water and power equipment,” said Hahn, adding that the Tourism Indaba was hugely beneficial to businesses because it gave them exposure to local and international visitors.“My invention works so well that our 700-litre tank of water starts boiling after just 30 minutes.”He said he was now working towards having a golf course at Moshavehla, built with only indigenous plants and irrigated by wastewater from the lodge.Alternate energy sourcesIngrid Hahn, his daughter, said her father’s knowledge in renewable energy could benefit the country, and the pair are to approach the Department of Minerals and Energy with various prototypes for green power generation.State-owned power utility Eskom has been struggling to provide the country with sufficient electricity following an unsustainable increase in electricity usage, made worse by South Africa’s massive infrastructure drive ahead of hosting the 2010 Fifa World Cup.Eskom appealed to businesses and the public at large to decrease their dependency on coal generated electricity, and implement energy-saving measures such as geyser blankets, movement-sensitive lights and investment in alternative energy has become a reality in South Africa.Unspoilt biodiversity, local developmentMashovhela Lodge, which means “place where the drums beat”, is situated between the mountains amid unspoilt biodiversity that boasts over 600 different types of trees, thousands of plant species and a host of wildlife including leopard, hyena, warthog, kudu and wild cat.It had always been a dream of Hans Hahn to establish a conservancy on his farm creating a home for indigenous fauna and flora, with his daughter helping him to achieve that goal.The lodge also has a community development element to it, with a focus on utilising the local Venda people and their arts and crafts in support of local industry.There are currently 13 people employed at the establishment, with a further support staff as well as a full-time game ranger and guide.“We only employ local Venda’s and all our furniture and arts and crafts is made locally,” said Ingrid Hahn. “The community is aware of the vision we have for the property as well as the community, making them aware of the environment and how to protect it and ensure future generations can benefit from it.”As with much of the farms in the Limpopo province, Hahn’s farm – which he bought in 1970 – is involved in a land claim. However, due to the harmonious relationship between the local chief and the Hahn family as well as the family’s initiatives to educate and skill the local people the local chief does not want them to be moved off the land.“We provide work and education to his community,” said Hans Hahn.Source: BuaNews
Gusto ($6.99) was one of the first code editors of the iPad. It features Coda-like project thumbnails, tabbed editing and a built-in FTP client. One downside is that it doesn’t support syntax editing, but that’s promised in a future version. The official site is here.CodeToGo Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid CodeToGo ($2.99) doesn’t have syntax editing or built-in FTP support, but it does have one feature other code editors don’t: the ability to test your code via the ideone.com API. CodeToGo can’t execute code locally, so an Internet connection is required to check your code. The official site is here.Update: A reader pointed us to Turbosh, which looks quite good as well. Has anyone used? 7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… Textastic ($4.99) is quickly becoming a developers’ favorite for coding on the iPad. It supports syntax editing for several languages, but has no internal means for handling FTP. However, you can always just use FTP On The Go.Joshua Ellis, the developer behind Stikki and Dbasr, recently tweeted “Textastic + FTP On The Go = best code editing solution for iPad so far. Almost as good as TextWrangler on the desktop.”You can find the official Textastic site here.Gusto klint finley Related Posts Why You Love Online Quizzes We keep hearing about how people can do everything they would need to do on a desktop on an iPad now. Heck, Damon Albarn even composed the a new Gorillaz Album on an iPad. But what about developers? Can you code on an iPad? Several developer-centric text editing apps have been released, but most fall a little short of what developers need to actually get their jobs done. We’ve narrowed the list of available code editors down to the three most useful.Do use one of these for your development work? Is there a better editor that we didn’t mention?Textastic How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? Tags:#hack#Tools