Science and Technology Storms Filled 37 Percent of State’s Snow-Water Deficit, JPL-Assisted Research Shows Published on Monday, January 30, 2017 | 7:22 pm Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena First Heatwave Expected Next Week Community News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Make a comment Business News Top of the News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. More Cool Stuff Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website 0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it These maps show how much water was stored in the Sierra snowpack on Jan. 6 (left) and Jan. 24 (center), 2017. Darker colors indicate more water. The inset bar graph in the center figure shows the annual snowpack water storage relative to the pre-drought average as well as the cumulative snow-water deficit. The map on right shows snowpack water storage on Jan. 24 as a percentage of pre-drought average snowpack water storage at its greatest. Areas in green are over 100 percent of average. Credit: CU/NASAResearchers from the University of Colorado Boulder, using computer models developed with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA space imagery and ground-sensor data from the California Department of Water Resources in Sacramento, have come up with an estimate of how much water two recent powerful storms in the state have dumped on the Sierra Nevada range in January.From the estimate, the researchers now say the storms, part of the “atmospheric river” weather patterns that pummeled the state from late December to late January, may have recouped 37 percent of California’s five-year snow-water deficit.Snow-water deficit is the deficit in water stored in snowpack in the mountains now compared with the annual average water stored before the drought began in 2012.On average, the state experienced a snow-water deficit of approximately 10.8-million acre feet per year during the drought years of 2012 through 2016. The total deficit over that five-year period is roughly 54 million acre feet. The recent storms appear to have reduced that total by roughly 37 percent in less than one month, the researchers say.“Early in the January storm cycle, lower mountain elevations received some rain, but the vast majority of the mountain precipitation has come as snow – which is exactly the way we need this precipitation,” Thomas Painter, a snow scientist at JPL, and principal investigator of NASA’s Airborne Snow Observatory, said. “As snow, it releases to reservoirs and ecosystems more gradually and efficiently over the summer months.”Noah Molotch, a JPL research scientist who heads the University of Colorado Boulder’s Center for Water Earth Science and Technology (CWEST) and leader of the study, cautioned that there is still a long way to go before California makes up its snow-water deficit completely.“When the snow stopped falling five years ago, the state had to tap into its groundwater reserves to keep up,” Molotch said. “One snowy winter won’t be able to entirely reverse that, but there is, at least, some cautious optimism.”Molotch also indicated that the recent storms also brought some flood risk although it did bring much-needed snow.“The concern moving forward relates to what happens with the weather for the rest of the winter,” said Molotch. “Reservoirs across the Sierra foothills are now relatively full. If we get another intense atmospheric river with warmer air temperatures, that could lead to melting of the snowpack, and the risk for rain-induced flooding is considerable.”David Rizzardo, chief of Snow Surveys and Water Supply Forecasting for the California Department of Water Resources, said the start of winter has been the best California has seen since 2011.“It gives water managers hope for relief from what has been a historically dry five-year period,” Rizzardo said.The Department will now use the JPL and CWEST data to fine-tune vital seasonal runoff estimates, used by water managers and reservoir operators across the state. Results of the most recent snow survey will be released on February 2, the Department said. Subscribe Community News EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Your email address will not be published. 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RADM Germán González Reyes: Yes. Coordinated Integrated Action works with the other state institutions and with the private sector to bring certain solutions to the population. We hold development support days that consist of bringing in general practitioners and specialist physicians, delivering medicine, making referrals to hospitals; in sum, we seek the participation of businesses in support of the medicine and of the doctors themselves who provide care. Finally, we have Dispositive Integrated Action, which implements and supports the National Consolidation Plan. At this time, we’re selecting 54 municipalities that today are sites in the process of stabilization, meaning that the state is going to make itself present with security, development projects, production projects, education projects, health projects … in order to shift those red areas to yellow areas and then to green areas. Images of soldiers building a road in a remote location in the Colombian countryside, photos of demobilized former FARC members, and the smiles of children gathering to watch a movie in a town park make up the face of the strategy of Integrated Action, part of Colombia’s Democratic Security Consolidation Policy. During a visit to the U.S. Southern Command in Miami, Florida, in September 2011, Rear Admiral Germán González Reyes, in command of the Joint Integrated Action Bureau of the Colombian Armed Forces General Command, spoke with Diálogo about the achievements and challenges of a strategy that has enabled his country to take steps forward in the area of security and social welfare, earning a vanguard position in Latin America. DIÁLOGO: Why was the Integrated Action strategy created, and of what does it consist? DIÁLOGO: Colombia plays a vanguard role in Latin America with regard to strategies of this kind. How can Colombia’s example be of use to other countries in the region? DIÁLOGO: Is there any kind of agreement with the private sector? RADM Germán González Reyes: We’ve always relied on U.S. collaboration and support in training, in equipment. I can say that projects are currently underway to prevent the recruitment of children and adolescents. The United States has a framework of cooperation with the Joint Integrated Action Bureau to develop a variety of tools that can help to prevent forced recruitment and encourage the demobilization of members of military armed groups through information operations, in order to fulfill the objectives of integrated action. Twelve Integrated Action companies were trained in partnership with the U.S. Government, companies which will seek to position the concepts of legitimacy, strengthening the institutional image, and rapprochement with the civilian population on the operational and tactical level within the Armed Forces, in the context of fourth-generation war. DIÁLOGO: What have some of the successes of the Integrated Action plan been since its launch in 2002? By Dialogo September 20, 2011 RADM Germán González Reyes: There’s an example that we show off with a great deal of pride: the Montes de María. That’s an area located in the northern part of the country, where years ago, there was a presence by irregular groups. There was displacement of the population of those areas due to insecurity. An Integrated Action strategic plan was implemented, and we succeeded in dismantling all the irregular groups in the area. We obtained a state presence with the construction of roads to link several municipalities, and legal crops, such as avocadoes, were promoted. That was done by the National Navy: it served as a bridge, guaranteed security, facilitated agriculture, and arranged for the private sector to come to this area to purchase the crops. Today, the population has returned home, they’re farming, and the security environment is different. We can also mention the case of the Task Force Omega area, La Macarena, where we’re doing a project of the same kind. There were irregular groups there. Joint Task Force Omega was assigned, basic levels of security were restored, and after that, the state began to arrive. Today, roads, schools, and health centers have been built, and production programs have been implemented, giving the population alternatives for growing licit crops, instead of illicit crops such as coca. RADM Germán González Reyes: Irregular groups and drug trafficking always generate insecurity in the areas where they are. Integrated Action does not combat drug trafficking as such; nevertheless, it’s a tool used by the Military that supports military operations before, during, and after those operations (institutional synergy). When the state arrives with the presence of the Military, when it guarantees security and offers rural workers the opportunity of growing bananas rather than coca, and it gives them options for getting them to market and selling them, we are promoting a decrease in illicit drug cultivation. DIÁLOGO: How is the fight against drug trafficking ingrained into the strategy of Integrated Action? RADM Germán González Reyes: Integrated Action is a bridge between the institutions responsible for security and the social side of things. The fundamental objective is the coordination of state agencies and institutions, in order to act in a joint and integrated way throughout the entire national territory, in the social, economic, political, and military spheres, thereby guaranteeing the rule of law, the social recovery of territory, the effective application of the social state under the rule of law, and the neutralization of irregular armed groups. For example, General Integrated Action also has radio stations, with which we reach those remote areas of the country, as well as special psychological-operations groups (GEOS) that take a message of rapprochement to the population as part of military operations. A wide-ranging concept of civil and military cooperation began to be developed in Colombia during the administration of President Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, at the time that the Military was assigned the authority and capability to provide social assistance to the most vulnerable communities, helping with the solution of some basic needs. That gave rise to the initial concept of Civic-Military Action, the ultimate purpose of which consisted in obtaining the support and backing of the rural population. Starting in 2002, the Democratic Security Policy develops Integrated Action in full, strengthening a tool that brings together the coordinated and synergistic effort involved in the use of legitimate force. DIÁLOGO: What is the most important challenge faced by your bureau at this time? RADM Germán González Reyes: We have the ongoing challenge of trying to increase favorable views of and trust in the Military among the population. The Military is currently the most favorably viewed institution, according to surveys that have been taken in both urban and rural areas. Maintaining and improving that is one goal. Second is achieving an increase in demobilization and achieving a decrease in forced recruitment by irregular armed groups; likewise, continuing to fulfill the proposed objectives, by helping with military operations, designing tools to neutralize multi-dimensional and situational threats, and increasing preventive capabilities in response to those threats. In addition, it’s important for the bureau to continue developing long-term strategies, to counteract attacks on the state’s legitimacy, and to position the country as a leader and pioneer of information operations in Latin America, in order to generate international technical cooperation offerings. DIÁLOGO: How are the United States and Colombia collaborating in order to strengthen and implement the strategy of Integrated Action? RADM Germán González Reyes: Several countries have visited us for the purpose of learning about the procedures we carry out in Integrated Action and on the operational side of things in general. Currently, support is being provided to Central American countries and to Mexico. We’ve held workshops, talks, training sessions, and meetings on the topic of Integrated Action, where we’ve explained our procedures, generating an atmosphere of cooperation and advising on the structuring of an Integrated Action Doctrine. Likewise, a panorama of integrated action has been jointly constructed in the different countries on our borders and across the Americas, establishing unilateral and joint lines of action that take into account the advice provided on civil-affairs issues and issues of integrated action in general.
25 Manilla Cl, Mt Sheridan“Buyers are looking for all types of properties – from units to houses, from the cheaper end to the more expensive,” he said.“If sellers want to sell, they will meet the market. If they are looking for a premium, that will be more difficult.”The median asking rent for both houses and units has risen by $10 over the past year to $390 and $290 per week respectively. 6 Brian St, BrinsmeadUNIT prices have remained steady while houses in Cairns have recorded a slight drop over the past year, but it is nothing to get too worried about.The latest Core Logic data showed the median sale price of houses in the city over the 12 months to May 2019 came in at $370,000, $5000 less than 2018 figures.But, the market had lifted significantly since 2009 when the median sale price was $327,750.In 2014, buyers paid $345,000 and in 2016 the median price had risen about $20,000 to $364,000. More from newsCairns home ticks popular internet search terms2 days agoTen auction results from ‘active’ weekend in Cairns2 days ago11 Noble Cl, EdmontonThere was no change to the $215,000 median price between the 12 months to May 2019 and 2018.The cost of buying a unit has jumped just $3000 compared to 2016 and $15,000 since 2014. In 2009 however, those selling a unit got a median price of $225,000 for their property, well above today’s prices.LJ Hooker Cairns Edge Hill principal Ross Moller said while buyers were returning to the Cairns property market, conditions showed it was not a sellers’ market.
“For me, I love tennis. Sometimes I feel like I don’t, but I wake up every morning and if I don’t play, I feel like I’ve done nothing during the day.“I just go out now every day trying to learn something new, trying to just do the best that I can.”Osaka resisted the notion her life is a dream made real, even with two Grand Slams and a top ranking before her 22nd birthday.“I’m really blessed to be in this position, and then there are bad things that come with that,” Osaka said. “I would never say anything negative about what’s going on in my life right now.“For me, when you say is it a dream, it’s like something fluffy, like you’re on the beach somewhere sipping a pina colada. I’m right here right now.”– Confident Nishikori –Nishikori pondered his own growth and fan base in Japan, wondering if he could have produced the same success under the attention and pressure of living in Japan.“I have to say, if I lived in Japan, I think I was going to have a different life,” he said. “There’s too much attention. I feel like I’m a star there. But I think it’s good thing that I live in States.”Nishikori says the US Open always brings excitement and nerve. He produced his best Grand Slam result here five years ago, losing the final to Marin Cilic, and reached the semi-finals in 2016 and 2018.“I feel a lot of confidence from that memory, playing final first time in Grand Slam. But also I always think that I could play a little better in a final. I lost straight sets. I didn’t do well. I hope I can come back to that stage again. I hope I can play differently.”Share on: WhatsApp Defending US Open champion Naomi Osaka, left, and US Open 2014 runner-up Kei Nishikori with the Japanese flag — which could fly for them in mixed doubles at the 2020 Tokyo OlympicsNew York, United States | AFP | A Japanese dream duo of Naomi Osaka and Kei Nishikori could come together for mixed doubles at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.World number one Osaka, the reigning US and Australian Open champion, and Nishikori, the 2014 US Open runner-up ranked seventh in the world, could be a formidable combination in the fight for gold next year.But Nishikori, who addressed the idea Friday as he prepared for the start of the US Open, worried that adding the event to singles and men’s doubles might be too much in the Tokyo summer heat.“I will play men’s doubles, for sure. With that condition — very hot, very humid — playing singles and two doubles, I don’t know if I can,” Nishikori said.“I haven’t (had to) think too much yet honestly. I don’t know. I will talk to Naomi later.”Nishikori, 29, said it was understandable that 21-year-old Osaka has said this has been a tough year for her. She followed her US Open triumph with an Australian Open win, attained number one then lost and regained — enduring early exits at the French Open and Wimbledon along the way.“I’m sure it’s going to be OK. I think time will help her to get back to normal,” Nishikori said.“I think it’s normal to have that feeling. She suddenly gets number one, winning two Grand Slams, be number one like straightaway. She’s still young.“I’m sure she will think a lot of things — some things she doesn’t have to think. But if she can try hard practicing and play every match hard, I think she’s going to be OK.”Osaka said a recent break from tennis helped revive her outlook on the game and her place in it.“It has definitely changed for me,” Osaka said. “I took a break sort of and relaxed my mind and realized that you have to have fun doing what you love.
Pedestrians make their way through a snowfall, Tuesday, Jan. 21, 2014 in New York’s Times Square. A storm is sweeping across the mid Atlantic states and New England. The National Weather Service said the storm could bring 8 to 12 inches of snow to Philadelphia and New York City, and more than a foot in Boston. Bitterly cold air with wind chills as low as 10 degrees below zero was forecast. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)LAS VEGAS (AP) – Roger Goodell once had his beer freeze while watching a game in Chicago, so sitting outside at the Super Bowl shouldn’t be too much of a burden for the NFL commissioner.But what if – and this is a very real possibility – the stadium is blanketed in the kind of blizzard-like conditions that wreaked havoc across the Northeast on Tuesday? What if the NFL doesn’t get lucky and score a chilly yet tolerable Super Bowl evening at the Meadowlands?Even worse, what if snow, sleet, ice or any combination in the first outdoor cold weather Super Bowl determines who wins the big game?Could happen, and Goodell and other NFL officials won’t be the only ones poring over weather forecasts leading up to Feb. 2. Oddsmakers in Las Vegas will be keeping a close eye on it, too, as a possible factor in whether the Denver Broncos can cover what is now a 2½-point spread against the Seattle Seahawks.“Probably the most important guy being interviewed next week will be (television weatherman) Al Roker,” said Jimmy Vaccaro, who runs the sports book at the South Point hotel.That’s not necessarily a bad thing, especially if the forecast doesn’t include wind and snow or sleet. Goodell has embraced the idea of cold, though he had little choice in the matter after NFL owners decided to reward the owners of the Jets and Giants for getting a new stadium by giving them a Super Bowl.He’ll sit outside for the misery that could accompany the usual mastery of a Super Bowl. If all goes according to plan, he will hand out the Lombardi trophy to the best team in the land, and everyone will go home happy.But some who are in the business of making the point spread for the game believe that if something like Tuesday’s storm hits the day of the game it could tilt the game in favor a team that relies more on power football and defense rather than finesse. And in this Super Bowl, that would be the Seahawks.“With the game being in New York and the early forecast for below normal temperatures in the teens that certainly favors a defensive team and a running team,” said Jay Kornegay, sports book director at the LVH. “That would certainly be an advantage to the Seahawks.”Partly because of that, Kornegay and his oddsmakers made the Seahawks a 2-point favorite when betting opened Sunday for the game. But bettors enamored with the idea of Peyton Manning winning a second Super Bowl quickly caused the odds to shift to Denver’s favor with a flood of money on the Broncos.The knock on Manning, though, is that for all his greatness he’s not a good cold-weather quarterback. He played much of his career inside in Indianapolis and is 4-7 in games that are below freezing at kickoffs, though some of those were games where he played sparingly because the Colts had already locked up playoff seeding.Others were against New England, when the Patriots clearly had the better team. And Manning did complete 39 passes for 397 yards and four touchdowns against Tennessee last month when the temperature at kickoff in Denver was 18 degrees.“I won’t try to answer it because I didn’t give it any validation in the first place,” he said afterward about his supposed cold-weather struggles.Both football fans and oddsmakers found out how unpredictable a big storm can make the game last month when winter weather made conditions miserable in several cities. It took players in Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and Baltimore the first half to get used to the conditions, then they responded with an unlikely series of wild plays and drama in lighting up the scoreboard in the second half.That has oddsmakers scratching their heads about what to do about this year’s game. They often figure things out in advance with lines that come remarkably close to the final result, but a Super Bowl in the snow would be something new to everyone.“If it’s big snow you can take all the handicapping and anything we thought we knew and throw it out the window,” said Johnny Avello, the book director at the Wynn hotel.The so-called sharps – those who wager the biggest money in this gambling city – usually wait until closer to the game to make their bets, and they may wait even longer for this game. The 10-day forecast coming out this week will shed some light on the possibility of a storm, but most will probably wait until the weather picture becomes clearer to put their money down.“There will probably be more money on Seattle if the forecast is for colder than normal with rain or sleet,” Vaccaro said. “But the biggest thing that will make the wise guys get off their wallets now is if Denver goes to 3 (point favorite). If it’s 85 degrees out they will still take plus 3 with Seattle.”It won’t be 85, might not even be 35. But the bookies and the NFL have at least one thing in common for a Super Bowl that could be remembered for all the wrong reasons.Neither of them can do anything about the weather.____Tim Dahlberg is a national sports columnist for The Associated Press. Write to him at [email protected] or http://twitter.com/timdahlberg